Artificial intelligence

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Subject-matter

Artificial intelligence (AI) is an area of application of informatics and has the goal of simulating intelligent behaviour of living organisms in technical systems. This entails a strong degree of overlap both with computer linguistics and with robotics.

One can distinguish between five areas of development of artificial intelligence: (1) Modelling knowledge-based systems (“expert systems”), (2) automatic speech-processing (“speech recognition” and “speech synthesis”; “semantic analysis”), (3) pattern recognition (“symbol recognition”, “face recognition”), (4) intelligent control of machines (“robots”) and (5) self-optimising computer programmes (“evolutionary algorithms”).

AI-research began in the 1950s with the pioneering work of John McCarthy and Marvin Minsky. Other leading figures are  Allan Newell, Herbert Simon, Joseph Weizenbaum and Teuvo Kohonen.




       


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